This may not be a factor you’ve spent much time pondering during your search for a new water heater, however it is something to eventually consider. Whether you’re replacing an old system or installing your first one into a new home, there are many factors that go into deciding the best placement for a water heater. If you’re replacing an old water heater, chances are you’ve just been assuming it will go in the exact same place as your current system. However, you may discover that there are more practical and efficient places for this appliance to be located.
Colder Climates Water Heater Location
Whether your system is fueled by gas or electricity is a major determining factor. Any storage tank water heaters will have some standby heat loss as water sits in the tank. In colder climates where space heating is necessary during a large part of the year, the standby heat from your water heater could be put to good use indoors. Conversely, in a warmer climate where air conditioning is used quite a bit, this would be detrimental indoors and the water heater would be better placed in the garage or basement.
Gas Water Heater Venting
A gas system has to be vented somehow and this process usually uses air from the surrounding room. Therefore it is better suited to be in a non-air conditioned part of the house such as a garage or basement.
Proximity to Water
Another important factor to consider is proximity to your faucets. Especially in larger homes, there is no way to have the water heater near every hot water application. But, placing your system in a location that puts it either in a central location or close to the higher demand applications such as the master bathroom or laundry room is incredibly beneficial.
Water Heater Maintenance
A final thought to consider is future maintenance. Hot water heaters will most likely require some sort of repair or inspection during their lifetime and it is a good idea to make sure your system is easily accessible. Parts such as the anode rod usually require replacement and are removed and installed from the top of the tank. Therefore, you should ensure there is room for maneuvering the top of the tank.